Beans have a very special property: as legumes, they form a symbiosis with nodule bacteria on their roots, which bind atmospheric nitrogen. Therefore legumes are less dependent on the availability of nitrogen in the soil. As long as the beans are not yet fully ripe, they are harvested together with the still tender pod. Later, the mature kernels of shell beans can be shelled, dried and stored as an important source of protein for the winter.
The soil should be loosened deeply and left in a coarse-grained state. Do not sow bush beans too deeply, if desirable earth them up later. Fertilizer is usually not necessary. Stagnant moisture and moist tilling should be avoided. Beans like warmth and sunny locations. At the time of the main flowering and fruit development, they need a lot of water. Bush beans should be harvested regularly to encourage new flowers.